International journal
ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)

Жанры в фило- и онтогенезе

Жанр молитвы в дневниковом дискурсе Л.Н. Толстого

Статья посвящена рассмотрению жанра молитвы, представленного в дневниках Л.Н. Толстого. В ходе анализа записей выявлено, что на протяжении своей жизни Толстой записал несколько десятков сочинённых им молитв. Записанные обращения к Богу рассмотрены в синтаксическом, семантическом и прагматическом аспектах. В исследовании использованы методы описания, концептуального и прагматического анализа. В ходе изучения выяснено, что Толстой нарушает сложившиеся каноны, моделирует индивидуальное обращение к Богу.


The article considers the genre aspects of entering into the culture. In the description model, genres are high-lighted marked on the status of speaking and from the point of view of broadcast values, phatic and learned genres, the genres of new media formats. The study is conducted on communications with the participation of a particular primary school child. For example, it shows the genres of family communication which display one of options the social norms as a whole.

The Otgovorka and the Otgovor in the System of Speech Genres

  The research deals with two related genres, representing the periphery of the contemporary system of speech genres. The otgovorka is a genre of children’s folklore, reflecting a specific form of children’s communicative behavior. It allows to defend oneself against verbal aggression with the help of a certain list of cliched (most often rhymed) texts well known in children’s subculture. In the speech of adults it corresponds to the otgovor - a genre uncharacteristic of literary speech, the sphere of its usage is folk culture.

Mirilka as the Genre of Children’s Folklore

The article is devoted to the genre of mirilka (from the Russian «мир» – peace) as the form of the children’s verbal creativity which is the byways of learning in linguistics and folklore. The topicality of the research of the speech genre of mirilka is connected with the wide use of such texts by preschoolers. Moreover, it is due to the possibility of using mirilkas in the educational process aiming to form the ability of overcoming conflicts and interacting constructively with peers in games.