International journal
ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


discourse

Language and communicative ring, key, matrix: about the significance of the ideas of V.I. Karasik for communicative linguistics

In the article a brief overview of creativity of Prof. Vladimir Ilyich Karasik has been given in honor of his 60th anniversary in terms of communicative linguistics – theory of communication, discourse analysis, text linguistics, theory of speech genres, theory of communicative tonality, linguocultural theory of character types, for which his works were of great importance.

Hospital discourse: narratives, remarks, dialogs

The research is based on personal observations made while staying in municipal hospital and notes taken at the surgery of the mentioned hospital from November, 21 till December, 4 of 2015. The focus is on the following pairs of communicators: the doctor – the patient, the nurse - the patient, the nurse – the nurse, the patient – the family member, the patient – the patient. The article deals with a problem of interception, following A.V. Nagornaya, who based her research on English literary texts.

Discursive words as a means of organizing speech genres (on the example of lexeme true)

The article is devoted to the description of lexeme «truth» functioning features entering different speech genres. The word «truth» is referred to the group of discourse words providing speech coherence, reflecting the process of interaction between the speaker and listener, as well as conveying attitude of the speaker to what has been said. The study considers broad understanding of discourse words as structural components of the speech genre that realize illocutionary functions and are associated with speech steps of the speaker in the creation of genre.

Concept of communicative behavior and genre

This article focuses on linguistic-culural concepts of communicative behavior in Russin and English discourses and highlights their varieties: concepts-events and attributive regulative concepts. The former are modeled as a dynamic frame – scenario of a specific situation and correspond to a speech genre / speech act. The latter, attributive concepts of communicative behavior, characterize situation as a whole. they correspond to the quality slot in a concept-event frame and are verbalized by discourse strategies or tactics.

On style-genre partnership

The article is dedicated to the speech genre as a unifying basis for different theories of style. We clarify the notions of language, speech, dis-course, text in terms of «language phenomena» aspects singled out by L. V. Scherba. Terminological stability allows us to outline four approaches to style definition: cognitive, systemic-structural, textual and communicative. The cognitive aspect of style corresponds to the «system of concepts and strategies of usage». In this view, the speech genre allows for diverse definitions.

AXIOGENIC COMICAL PERSONAL NARRATIVES

The article deals with value-marked personal narratives about funny incidents as a genre of comic discourse. In contrast with other genres of comic discourse these narratives are presented as event messages that have happened with the narrator or with people known to him. The comical essence of such stories consists in a combination of incompatible positions, the first one shows an event as a real, matter-offact habitual state of affairs, whereas the second one describes it as a fantastic, pathetical or stereotyped reality.

INCULTURATION PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN GENRE SLICE

The article considers the genre aspects of entering into the culture. In the description model, genres are high-lighted marked on the status of speaking and from the point of view of broadcast values, phatic and learned genres, the genres of new media formats. The study is conducted on communications with the participation of a particular primary school child. For example, it shows the genres of family communication which display one of options the social norms as a whole.

BLACKMAIL: SPEECH ACT VS SPEECH GENRE

This article is devoted to the analysis of the speech genre of «blackmail» in the interpersonal everyday communication. We specify the concept of «blackmail» in relation to the everyday communication in comparison with the related concept used in the legal discourse. The paper defines blackmail as a kind of manipulative psycho-emotional impact intended to obtain the benefits by means of threatening to harm the recipient.

Personal Statement as a Genre of Academic Discourse in English

The paper focuses on the research into motivation letters as an integral part of an academic application process. The author claims that writing effective motivation letters needs a deeper understanding of inherent strategies and tactics. Through quantitative and qualitative analysis of successful letters showcased by American, Canadian and European universities, the author reveals some tactics and topics that the applicants use to impress admission officers.

Speech Genres as an Object of Computer Analysis (Based on Academic Texts)

This paper presents the proposition that a speech genre as a relatively stable form of mental activity implemented in the text can be considered an object of cognitive modeling. The article contains a review of discourse concepts used in the computer text analysis.

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