• English
  • Русский

Everyday urban genres (on the basis of speech of habitants of the Omsk)

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The article is devoted to the urban speech practices of the early twenty-first century in inofficial and semi-official spheres.
The following basic terms are offered: indicators of everyday oral colloquial speech, informative level, interactivity, colloquial genre.
The analysis of collected material has shown that at speech interaction "at home" the model «the speaking subject-a situation-a subject of the speech-listening» comes up; at «outdoors» interation, the model «speaking subject – situation – listener» model prevails.
Use of "situational dialogue" is typical of semi-official sphere of communication on the basis of a certain scheme of intraction which hasits own linguistice expression, reduced «strong» indicators of conversationality, weak interactivity and informational content.
In the informal sphere, «home» dialogues and «casual dialogues of acquaintances» which reflect «open information space» with different degree of interactivity have more «free» form.
Speech samples of Omsk residents are used for illustration.


Arutyunova N. D. Faktor adresata [Destination factor]. Izvestiya Vectnik of the AS of the USSR. Seriya literatury i yazyka [News of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. A series of literature and language]. Vol. 40. no. 4. 1981, pp. 356–367.
Bakhtin M. M. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity], Moscow, 1979. 423 p.
Dmitrevskaja I. V. Tekst kak sistema: ponimanije, slozhnost', informativnost' [Text as a system: understanding the complexity of the information content]. Ivanovo, 1985, pp. 48–88.
Kornev V. V. Problematizacija kategorii «povsednevnost'» [Problematization category of "everyday life"]. Izvestiya ASU [News ASU], 2008, no. 2(58), pp. 85–91.
Matveeva T. V. Funkcional'nye stili v aspekte tekstovyh kategorij [Functional styles in terms of text categories. Synchronous-comparative essay]. Sverdlovsk, 1990, 172 p.
Shevchenko T. S. Rol' Otechestvennoj onomatopoenicheskoj paradigmy v istorii izucheniya povsednevnosti [The role of Russian onomatopoetic paradigm in the study of the history of everyday life]. Vectnik of the Stavropol State University [Herald of the Stavropol State University]. 2009, no. 65, pp. 261–266.
Vasilievа V. V. O slushayushchem kak govoryashchem [About the listening as talking]. Problemy funktsionirovaniya yazyka v raznyh sferah rechevoj kommunikatsiji [Problems of language functioning in various spheres of speech communication]. Perm'. 2005, pp. 8–14.
Yakubinskyi L. P. O dialogicheskoj rechi [The dialogical speech]. Russkaya rech [Russian speech]. Vol. 1. Pg. 1923, pp. 17–58.
Yunakovskaya A. A. Razgovornaya rech nositelej massovoj gorodskoj kultury (na materiale g. Omska) [Informal conversation of carriers of mass city culture (on material of Omsk)]. Moscow, 2007. 168 p.
Zhuravlev A. F. Opyt kvantitanivno-tipologicheskogo issledovaniya raznovidnostej ustnoj rechi [Experience of quantitative-typological study of varieties of speech]. Raznovidnosti gorodskoj ustnoj rechi [Variety of urban speech]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 84–150.

Full Text (PDF):
(downloads: 138)