International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)

For citation:

Yanson T. A. Contact excursion: Speech genre vs communicative event. Speech Genres, 2021, no. 1(29), pp. 34-40. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2021-1-29-34-40

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 501)
Article type: 

Contact excursion: Speech genre vs communicative event

Yanson Tatyana Alexandrovna, Tver State University

The article deals with the problem of the relationship between two linguistic theories: a speech genre theory and a speech act theory. The research is based on the genre of a contact excursion. From the point of view of genre studies a contact excursion is a speech genre and it can be described using the “speech genre questionnaire” proposed by T. V. Shmeleva, which includes the communicative goal of the genre, the concept of the author, the concept of the addressee, the dictum content, the image of the communicative past, the image of the communicative future, and the language embodiment. From the point of view of functional and structural classification, a contact excursion is a complex genre or a hypergenre, consisting of a number of simple genres. Within the framework of the actional or the activity approach, which is based on the speech act theory, a contact excursion can be considered as a communicative event and described using speech strategies and tactics which represent one or more speech actions, which traces to the concept of a speech act. The notion of the communicative style serves as the basis to reconcile and combine both theories.

  1. Bahvalova L. E. The Comparative Analysis of the Excursionist’s Speech in Conditions “Author-Recipient”. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 2011, no. 2, no. 1, pp. 199– 204 (in Russian).
  2. Dementyev V. V., Sedov K. F. Sotsiopragmaticheskiy aspekt teorii rechevykh zhanrov [Sociopragmatic aspect of the “Speech genres” theory]. Saratov, Izd-vo Sarat. ped. in-ta, 1998. 107 p. (in Russian).
  3. Demidova T. V. The addressee factor as a component of discursive activity by “generating” an excursion text. Problemyy azykovoy kartiny mira na sovremennom etape [The Problems of the language picture of the world at the present stage]. Niznii Novgorod, Izd-vo NGPU, 2006, iss. 5, pp. 92–96 (in Russian).
  4. Donets P. N. The city excursion as a genre of discourse, Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st., vyp. 6. Zhanr i yazyk [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts., iss. 6, Genre and Language]. Saratov, ITs “Nauka” Publ., 2009, pp. 278–284 (in Russian).
  5. Dotsenko E. L. Psihologiya manipulyatsii : fenomeny, mehanizmy i zaschita [Psychology of manipulation : phenomena, mechanisms, and protection]. Moscow, Rech Publ., 2003. 304 p. (in Russian).
  6. Emelyanov B. V. Ekskursovedenie [Tourist guidance]. Moscow, Sovetskiy sport Publ., 2007. 216 p. (in Russian).
  7. Filatova N. W. Genre space of tourist discourse. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta imeni M. A. Sholohova, Filologicheskie nauki, 2012, no. 2, pp. 76–82 (in Russian).
  8. Lihanov M. V. Rechevoy zhanr ekskursionnoy metki : kommunikativno-pragmaticheskiy aspect [Speech genre of the excursion label : communicative and pragmatic aspect]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Philol.). Kemerovo, 2019. 28 p. (in Russian).
  9. Makarov M. L. Osnovyteorii diskursa [The foundations of the discourse theory]. Moscow, Gnozis Publ., 2003. 280 p. (in Russian).
  10. Mkrtychian S. V., Yanson T. A. The Base of the modelling of communicative style of the tour guide in tourist discourse. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filologiya, 2019, no. 2 (61), pp. 115–120 (in Russian).
  11. Mkrtychian S. V. On style-genre partnership. Speech Genres, 2015, no. 2 (12), pp. 40–47 (in Russian).
  12. Mkrtychian S. V. Stilistika ustnogo delovogo diskursa [Stylistics of verbal business discourse : monograph]. Tver, Tverskoy gosudarstvennyy universitet Publ., 2011. 316 p. (in Russian).
  13. Shmeleva T. V. The model of the speech genge. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st., vyp 1 [Speech Genres : coll. of sci. arts., iss. 1]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh” Publ., 1997, pp. 88–99 (in Russian).
  14. Slezko Yu. V. Phenomenological space of tourist discourse. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013, no. 15, pp. 155–162 (in Russian).
  15. Sternin I. A. Vvedenie v rechevoe vozdeystvie [Introduction to speech influence]. Voronezh, Izd-vo VGU, 2001. 252 p. (in Russian).
  16. Yanson T. A. The Units of oral tourist discourse structuring (terminological aspect). Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filologiya, 2019, no. 4 (62), pp. 251–256 (in Russian).