International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)

For citation:

Salimovsky V. A., Devyatkin D. A., Kadzhaia L. A., Mishlanov V. A., Chudova N. V. Research of speech genres in artificial intelligence applications (identification of cognitive-speech actions forming a genre form). Speech Genres, 2021, no. 3(31), pp. 170-180. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2021-3-31-170-180

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 338)
Article type: 
811.161.1΄42 004.912

Research of speech genres in artificial intelligence applications (identification of cognitive-speech actions forming a genre form)

Salimovsky Vladimir Alexandrovich, Perm State University
Devyatkin Dmitry Alekseevich, Artificial Intelligence Research Institute in Federal Research Center “Computer Science and Control” RAS
Kadzhaia Liudmila Alekseevna, Perm State University
Mishlanov Valery Aleksandrovich, Perm State University
Chudova Natalya Vladimirovna, Artificial Intelligence Research Institute in Federal Research Center “Computer Science and Control” RAS

The paper proves that speech genres as forms of text production and interpretation claim to be one of the main objects of formal linguistic analysis in comprehensive papers on cognitive modeling – an intensively developing trend of artificial intelligence. Understanding a speech genre as a form of spiritual socio-cultural activity (artistic, scientific, political, ideological, etc.) at the level of its objectification through a system of speech actions in the text as a communication unit allows to describe the systems of speech genres in various spheres of communication. The authors analyze speech genres which objectify the main stages of an academic theoretical research. By means of artificial intelligence, the research solves the problem of recognition of the speaker’s intentions while performing cognitive-speech actions forming the genre form of a text. It contributes to the development of the fundamental problem of “understanding” the meaning of an utterance by a machine. The research is based on the interdisciplinary complex method of text analysis. In terms of software implementation, the offered approach obtains a small set of high-level linguistic features of the clauses with the templates and then trains classifiers on these features. In order to create templates, the authors carry out linguistic and psychological analysis that deals with identifying markers of cognitive and speech actions as accurately as possible in accordance with the standards of perception. In the course of our study, the authors have obtained high indexes of cognitive and speech action identification, ranging from 0.78 to 0.99.

  1. Bakhtin M. M. Pod maskoj. Maska vtoraya. Medvedev P. N. Formalny metod v literaturovedenii [Bakhtin M. M. Under the mask. Second mask. Medvedev P. N. The formal method in literary criticism]. Moscow, Labirint Publ., 1993. 206 p. (in Russian).
  2. Bakhtin M. M. Problema rechevykh zhanrov [Speech genre problem]. In: Bakhtin M. M. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1979, pp. 237–280 (in Russian).
  3. Bogin G. I. Speech genre as a means of individuation Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh”, 1997, iss. 1, pp. 12–22 (in Russian).
  4. Bruner D. Psihologiya poznaniya. Za predelami neposredstvennoj informacii [Psychology of cognition. Beyond the immediate information]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1977. 413 p. (in Russian)
  5. Chen T., Guestrin C. XGBoost : A scalable tree boosting system. Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining (San Francisco California USA 13 August, 2016 – 17 August, 2016), 2016, pp. 785–794.
  6. Dem’yankov V. Z. Interpretaciya, ponimanie i lingvisticheskie aspekty ih modelirovaniya na EVM [Interpretation, understanding and linguistic aspects of their computer modeling]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 1989. 172 p. (in Russian).
  7. Dem’yankov V. Z. Understanding as an interpretive activity. Voprosy yazykoznaniya [Topics in the study of language], 1983, no. 6, pp. 58–67 (in Russian).
  8. Dementyev V. V. Nepriamaia kommunikatsiia [Indirect communication]. Moscow, Gnozis Publ., 2006. 376 p. (in Russian).
  9. Dementyev V. V. Teoriya rechevykh zhanrov [Theory of speech genres]. Moscow, Znak Publ., 2010. 600 p. (in Russian).
  10. Devyatkin D. A., Kadzhaya L. A., Salimovsky V. A. Speech genres as an object of computer analysis (scientific texts). Speech Genres, 2019, no. 2 (22), pp. 86–104 (in Russian).
  11. Devyatkin D. A., Kuznetsova Yu. M., Chudova N. V. Methods of automatic detection of mental actions in the texts of scientific publications. Part I. Artificial Intelligence and Decision-making, 2018, no. 2, pp. 36–46 (in Russain).
  12. Devyatkin D. Extraction of Cognitive Operations from Scientific Texts. Russian Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Springer, Cham, 2019, pp. 189–200.
  13. Dolinin K. A. Speech genres as a means of organizing social interaction. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts.]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh”, 1999, iss. 2, pp. 7–13 (in Russian).
  14. Dunker K. Structure and dynamics of problem solving processes. In: Hrestomatiya po obshchej psihologii. Psihologiya myshleniya, pod red. Yu. B. Gippenreiter, V. V. Petukhova [Gippenreiter Yu. B., Petukhova V. V., eds. Textbook on General psychology. Psychology of thinking.]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 1981, pp. 258–268 (in Russian).
  15. Duskayeva L. R. Dialogicheskaya priroda gazetnykh rechevykh zhanrov [The dialogic nature of newspaper speech genres]. Perm’, Izd-vo Perm. un-ta, 2004. 276 p. (in Russian).
  16. Gaaze-Rapoport M. G., Pospelov D. A., Semenova E. T. New fairy tales. Artificial Intelligence News, 1992, no. 4, pp. 113–126 (in Russian).
  17. Gaaze-Rapoport M. G., Pospelov D. A., Semenova E. T. Porozhdenie struktury volshebnyh skazok [Generating the structure of fairy tales]. Moscow, AN SSSR. Nauchnyj Sovet po kompleksnoj probleme “Kibernetika”, 1980. 20 p. (in Russian).
  18. Kozhina M. N. Rechevedenie : teoriya funkcional’noj stilistiki : izbrannye trudy [Speech studies : theory of functional stylistics : selected works]. Moscow, Flinta, Nauka Publ., 2014. 624 p. (in Russian).
  19. Leontyev A. N. Deyatel’nost’. Soznanie. Lichnost [Activity. Consciousness. Personality]. Moscow, Smysl, Akademiya Publ., 2004. 352 p. (in Russian).
  20. Leontyev A. N. On ways to study perception (introductory article). In: Vospriyatie i deyatel’nost’, pod red. A. N. Leont’eva [Leont’ev A. N., ed. Perception and activity]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 1976, pp. 3–27 (in Russian)
  21. Liakata M., Teufel S., Siddharthan A., Batchelor C. Corpora for conceptualisation and zoning of scientific papers. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. Paris, France, ELDA. LREC, 2010, pp. 2054–2061.
  22. Maidanov A. S. Metodologiya nauchnogo tvorchestva [Methodology of scientific creativity]. Moscow, Izd-vo LKI Publ., 2008. 512 p. (in Russian).
  23. Mann W., Thomson S. A. Rhetorical Structure Theory : Toward a functional theory of text organization. Text, 1988, vol. 8, iss. 3, pp. 243–281.
  24. Mistrík J. Žánre vecnej literatúry. Bratislava, Sloven. ped. nakl-vo, 1975. 215 s. (in Slovak).
  25. Moreno A. I., Swales J. M. Strengthening move analysis methodology towards bridging the function-form gap. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 2017, no. 50, pp. 40–63.
  26. Osipov G. S., Chudova N. V., Panov A. I. Kuznetsova Iu. M. Znakovaia kartina mira subieekta povedeniia [Sign picture of the world of the subject of behavior]. Moscow, Physmatlit Publ., 2018. 264 p. (in Russian).
  27. Osipov G. S. Iskusstvennyi intellekt : sostoianie issledovanii i vzgliad v budushchee (Artificial intelligence : state of research and a look into the future). Available at: (accessed 20 September 2020) (in Russian).
  28. Osipov G. S. Metody iskusstvennogo intellekta [Methods of artificial intelligence]. Moscow, Physmatlit Publ., 2011. 296 p. (in Russian).
  29. Osipov G. S. Priobreteniye znaniy intellektualnymi sistemami [Knowledge acquisition by intelligent systems]. Moscow, Nauka, Physmatlit Publ., 1997. 112 p. (in Russian).
  30. Parodi G., ed. Academic and Professional Discourse Genres in Spanish. Amsterdam, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2010. 255 p.
  31. Pospelov D. A. Ten “hot spots” in artificial intelligence research. Artificial Intelligence and Decision Making, 2019, no. 4, pp. 3–9 (in Russian).
  32. Ruch P., Boyer C., Chichester C. Using argumentation to extract key sentences from biomedical abstracts. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 2007, vol. 76, pp. 195–200.
  33. Salimovsky V. A., Devyatkin D. A., Kadzhaya L. A., Mishlanov V. A. Automatic identification of Mental Actions in scientific Empirical Texts. Scientific and Technical Bulletin of SPbGPU. Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 74–88 (in Russian).
  34. Salimovsky V. A. Zhanry rechi v funktsional’nostylisticheskom osveshchenii (nauchnij akademicheskij text) [Speech genres in functional stylistic perspective (scientific text)]. Perm, Izd-vo Perm. un-ta, 2002. 236 p. (in Russian).
  35. Sedov K. F. Obshchaya i antropocentricheskaya lingvistika [General and anthropocentric linguistics]. Moscow, Yazyki slavyanskoi kul’tury Publ., 2016. 440 p. (in Russian).
  36. Shmeleva T. V. Model of speech genre. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts.]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh”, 1997, iss. 1, pp. 88–98 (in Russian).
  37. Spiridonov V. F. Tasks, heuristics, insight, and other obscure things. Logos, 2014, no. 1 (97), pp. 97–108 (in Russian).
  38. Stepin V. S. Teoreticheskoye znaniye. Struktura, istoricheskaya evolyutsiya [Theoretical knowledge. Structure, historical evolution]. Moscow, Progress-Traditsia Publ., 2003. 744 p. (in Russian).
  39. Swales J. M. Genre analysis : English in academic and research settings. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 261 p.
  40. Swales J. Research Genres : Explorations and Applications. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004. 314 p.
  41. Teufel S., Carletta J., Viens M. An annotation scheme for discourse-level argumentation in research articles. Proceedings of EACL’99 : Ninth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 8–12 June 1999. University of Bergen, Norway, 1999, pp. 110–117.
  42. Zaporozhec A. V., Venger L. A., Zinchenko V. P., Ruzskaya A. G. Vospriyatie i dejstvie [Perception and action]. Moscow, Prosveshchenie Publ., 1967. 323 p. (in Russian).
  43. Zolotova G. A. Kommunikativnyye aspekty russkogo sintaksisa [Communicative aspects of Russian syntax]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1982. 368 p. (in Russian).