International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


For citation:

Panchenko N. N. “Frank confession” in institutional and everyday communication: speech genre or speech action. Speech Genres, 2022, no. 3(17), pp. 186-193. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2022-17-3-35-186-193

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 72)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
811.161.1’374
EDN: 
VFLKLU

“Frank confession” in institutional and everyday communication: speech genre or speech action

Autors: 
Panchenko Nadezhda Nikolayevna, Volgograd State Pedagogical University social
Abstract: 

The article views the specific communicative situation “frank confession” in institutional (legal) and personality-oriented (everyday) discourses. The author attempts to determine its genre affiliation in the discourses. Frank confession in legal discourse is a speech genre, which is addressed to the investigative bodies, it is characterized by a certain compositional structure, the accuracy of designation, concreteness, conciseness, standardization of presentation, the use of legal terminology and the absence of semantic ambiguity and expressive-emotional language means. Its communicative purpose is to outline the events and criminal actions committed by the author of the confession, to indicate the circumstances and information about other participants in the crime. Frank confession in everyday discourse is a speech action that varies in the degree of sincerity/frankness, does not have a strictly formal structure, correlates with three main types of actualization – a statement about guilt, an honest answer or a truthful utterance. In both discourses, there is a desemantization of the nominee’s attributive characteristic ‘frank’ found. The collocation «frank confession» functions as a term in legal discourse, it is conventionalized in everyday discourse, in which it is approximately equal to speech stamps that have lost their original connotation.

Reference: 
  1. Aleksandrova Z. E. Slovar’ sinonimov russkogo yazyka. Prakticheskie spravochnik [The Dictionary of Russian Language Synonyms. A Practical Guide]. Moscow, Russkiy yazyk Publ., 2001. 568 p. (in Russian).
  2. Bakhtin M. M. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of Verbal Creativity]. 2nd ed. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1986. 445 p. (in Russian).
  3. Dementyev V. V. Aspects of the problem “genre and language” : genres of speech and … “language of speech”? Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts]. Saratov, Izdatel’skiy tsentr “Nauka”, 2009, iss. 6, pp. 5–23 (in Russian).
  4. Dementyev V. V. Cognitive genristics. In: Antologiya rechevykh zhanrov : povsednevnaya kommunikatsiya [Anthology of Speech Genres : Everyday Communication]. Moscow, Labirint Publ., 2007, pp. 103– 115 (in Russian).
  5. Dementyev V. V. Nepryamaya kommunikatsiya [Indirect Communication]. Moscow, Gnozis Publ., 2006. 376 p. (in Russian).
  6. Fedosyuk M. Yu. Rechevyye sredstva vozdeystviya na adresata (ritorika obydennoy rechi) : ucheb. posobiye po spetskursu dlya studentov-filologov [Speech Means of Influencing the Addressee (rhetoric of everyday speech)]. Moscow, Moscow University Press, 1998. 107 p. (in Russian).
  7. Gol’din V. Ye. Names of speech events, actions and genres of Russian speech. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh”, 1997, pp. 23–34 (in Russian).
  8. Ozhegov S. M., Shvedova N. Yu. Tolkovyy slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language]. RAN, Rossiyskiy fond kul’tury. 2nd ed. Moscow, AZ Publ., 1994. 907 p. (in Russian).
  9. Panchenko N. N., Naumova M. M. Peculiarities of the confidant’s communicative behavior in the situation of frank conversation. Verkhnevolzhskiy Philological Bulletin : Scientific Journal. Yaroslavl’, RIO YAGPU, 2015, no. 2, pp. 106–112 (in Russian).
  10. Panchenko N. N. Confession as a genre of confidential communication. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts]. Saratov, Izdatel’skiy tsentr “Nauka”, 2011, iss. 7, pp. 254–261 (in Russian).
  11. Sedov K. F. Psycholinguistic aspects of the study of speech genres. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. sci. arts]. Saratov, Izdatel’skiy tsentr “Nauka”, 2002, iss. 3, pp. 40–52 (in Russian).
  12. Sternin I. A. Psycholinguistic meaning of a word. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya Russkiy i inostrannyye yazyki i metodika ikh prepodavaniya [Bulletin of the RUDN. The Series Russian and Foreign Languages and Methods of Their Teaching], 2011, no. 1, pp. 5–13 (in Russian).
  13. Tsepeleva N. V. Synonymic network as a fragment of semantic and associative fields (based on the lexemes “openness – frankness – sincerity”). Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya [World of Science, Culture, Education], 2010, no. 3 (22), pp. 13–17 (in Russian).
  14. Wierzbicka A. Speech genres (in the context of the theory of elementary semantic units). In : Antologiya rechevykh zhanrov : povsednevnaya kommunikatsiya [Anthology of Speech Genres : Everyday Communication]. Moscow, Labirint Publ., 2007, pp. 68–81 (in Russian).
Received: 
28.11.2021
Accepted: 
14.01.2022
Published: 
31.08.2022