International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


For citation:

Prozorov V. V. Diary as a Lyrical Speech Genre. Speech Genres, 2019, no. 1(21), pp. 34-41. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2019-1-21-34-41

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 148)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
82.0-14

Diary as a Lyrical Speech Genre

Autors: 
Prozorov Valery Vladimirovich, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The diary is a lyrical speech genre, if we consider speech genres from the point of view of the universal triad that goes back to the antiquity – epic, lyric and drama. Diary is a recognition of the special price of the word, consistently saving a grain of everyday life experience. The article outlines the idea of a two-step indirect diary addressee. The first step: «I» is the author, meaning him(her)self in some future tense. The second step is the turn to the descendants, to an unknown reader-interlocutor, to likely biographers, etc. – on demand. The spectrum of diary topics is boundless: from everyday details to reflections of an existential character, from impressions connected with personal experiences to drafts of professional sketches. The purpose of the diary is to free the writer from the burden of various impressions, the regular fixing of which contributes to the author’s psychotherapeutic self-regulation.

Reference: 
  1. Bakhtin M. M. Problema rechevyh zhanrov [The problem of speech genres]. Bakhtin M. M. Aestetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1979, pp. 237–280 (in Russian).
  2. Chernyshevskiy N. G. Poln.sobr. soch. : v 16 t. T. 1 [Full collected cit. : in 16 vol. Vol. 1]. Moscow, Goslitizdat Publ., 1939, vol. 1. 860 p. (in Russian).
  3. Chudakova M. O. Dnevnik [Diary]. Kratkaya literaturnaya entsiklopediya : v 9 t. T. 2 [Brief Literary Encyclopedia : in 9 vol. Vol. 2]. Moscow, Izd-vo Sov. entsiklopediya Publ., 1964, pp. 707–708 (in Russian).
  4. Druzhinin A. V. Povesti. Dnevnik. Izd. podgotovili B. F. Yegorov, V. A. Zhdanov [Century Tale. A diary. Ed. prepared by B. F. Egorov, V. A. Zhdanov]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1986. 512 p. (in Russian).
  5. Frank S. L. Dnevnik [Diary]. In: S. L. Frank. Saratovskiy tekst, sost. A. A. Gaponenkov, Ye. P. Nikitina, vstupit. stat’ya V. V. Prozorova [Saratov text, comp. A. A. Gaponenkov, E. P. Nikitin, ed. article by V. V. Prozorov]. Saratov, Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2006, pp. 16–111 (in Russian).
  6. Kobrin K. Pokhvala dnevniku [Praise Diary]. Novoye literaturnoye obozreniye [New Literary Review], 2003, no. 61, pp. 288–295 (in Russian).
  7. Lotman Yu. M. O dvukh modelyakh kommunikatsii v sisteme kul’tury [About two models of communication in the system of culture]. Lotman Yu. M. Stat’i po semiotike i topologii kul’tury : v 3 t. Vol. 1 [Articles on the semiotics and topology of culture : In 3 vol. Vol. 1]. Tallin, Aleksandra Publ., 1992, pp. 77–90 (in Russian).
  8. Mikheyev M. Dnevnik kak ego-tekst (Rossiya, ХIХ–ХХ) [Diary as an ego-text (Russia, ХIХ–ХХ)]. Moscow, Vodoley-Publishers, 2007. 264 p. (in Russian).
  9. Prishvin M. M. Dnevniki. 1940–1941 [Diaries. 1940–1941]. Moscow, Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN) Publ., 2012. 880 p. (in Russian).
  10. Prokof’yev S. S. Dnevnik. v 3 t. 1907–1933. T. 1 [Diary : in 3 vol. 1907–1933. Vol. 1]. Moscow, Klassika - XXI Publ., 2017. 788 p.
  11. Prozorov V. V. O tipologii rechevykh zhanrov v svete teorii literaturnykh rodov [Typology of speech genres in terms of fiction-writing modes theory]. Zhanry rechi [Speech Genres], 2017, no. 2 (16), pp. 142–150 (in Russian).
  12. Tolstoy L. N. Poln. sobr. soch. : v 90 t. T. 46. Dnevniki, 1847–1854 [Full. collected cit. : in 90 vol. Vol. 46. Diaries, 1847–1854]. Moscow, Gos. Izd-vo khudozh. lit-ra, 1937. 578 p. (in Russian).
  13. Tolstoy L. N. Poln. sobr. soch. : v 90 t. T. 48. Dnevniki i zapisnyye knizhki, 1858–1880 [Complete. collected cit. : in 90 vol. Vol. 48. Diaries and notebooks, 1858–1880]. Moscow, Gos. Izd-vo khudozh. lit. (GIKHL), 1952. 538 p. (in Russian).
  14. Tolstoy L. N. Poln. sobr. soch. : v 90 t. T. 51. Dnevniki i zapisnyye knizhki, 1890 [Full collected cit. : in 90 vol. Vol. 51. Diaries and notebooks, 1890]. Moscow, Gos. Izd-vo khudozh. lit. (GIKHL), 1952. 426 p. (in Russian).
  15. Tolstoy L. N. Poln. sobr. soch. V 90 t. T. 52. Dnevniki i zapisnyye knizhki, 1891–1894 [Full collected cit. : in 90 vol. Vol. 52. Diaries and notebooks, 1891–1894]. Moscow, Gos. Izd-vo khudozh. lit. (GIKHL), 1952. 546 p. (in Russian).
  16. Yegorov O. G. Russkiy literaturnyy dnevnik ХIХ veka. Istoriya i teoriya zhanra [Russian literary diary of the 19th century. History and theory of the genre]. Moscow, Flinta, Nauka Publ., 2011. 176 p. (in Russian).
Received: 
02.06.2018
Accepted: 
13.08.2018
Published: 
28.02.2019