International journal
ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


diary

Article Dialogue basis of Leo Tolstoy’s diary

The article verifies the hypothesis that Leo Tolstoy’s diary has the form of a hidden dialogue of the writer with various subjects: with himself, with third parties, with God. Dialogue is understood as a form of individual development. The article determines that Leo Tolstoy’s diary represents a program of self-improvement, which is achieved through goal-setting and self-assessment. In the traditional perception of the diary genre, entries are interpreted as a form of autocommunication, carried out for the purpose of self-identification of the individual.

Diary as a Lyrical Speech Genre

The diary is a lyrical speech genre, if we consider speech genres from the point of view of the universal triad that goes back to the antiquity – epic, lyric and drama. Diary is a recognition of the special price of the word, consistently saving a grain of everyday life experience. The article outlines the idea of a two-step indirect diary addressee. The first step: «I» is the author, meaning him(her)self in some future tense. The second step is the turn to the descendants, to an unknown reader-interlocutor, to likely biographers, etc. – on demand.