International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)

For citation:

Pivovar Y. S. Cultural dictionary as a special lexicographic genre. Speech Genres, 2022, vol. 17, iss. 2 (34), pp. 108-114. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2022-17-2-34-108-114, EDN: EKGYVW

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 338)
Article type: 

Cultural dictionary as a special lexicographic genre

Pivovar Yekaterina Sergeevna, Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine

Modern lexicography is being replenished with dictionaries of a new type, which in their content combine information on the language and culture of a particular nation. The study is focused on the theoretical comprehension of such dictionaries, the identification of their most important characteristics and types based on the analysis of publications dealing with Russian culture. The article presents the analysis of the influential lexicographers’ theoretical works. As a result, the author specifies the definitions of dictionary types and determines the role of culture dictionaries in modern linguistics and language education. The article also distinguishes the subtypes (genres) of the cultural dictionary: a dictionary of concepts, linguocultural, linguistic and cultural dictionaries, a dictionary of cultural literacy. The author concludes that the dictionary of culture is a specific lexicographic genre, reflecting the achievements of modern directions of linguistics such as cultural linguistics, cognitive linguistics, and linguistic conceptology. These dictionaries combine linguistic, cultural and regional information. The dictionary has become not only a linguistic publication, but a book aimed at providing the reader with information on the culture and mentality of the nation. Dictionaries created to describe the cultural component for the purpose of understanding language and culture, their active use, and solving educational problems including problems of cross-cultural communication can be defined as culture dictionaries. As a result of the analysis of dictionaries of Russian culture, the author distinguishes the following genres: linguistic and cultural dictionaries aimed at describing a foreign language environment and culture, focused mainly on a foreign reader, containing information on geographical, social, political, ideological and other aspects of culture-specific concepts in the life of a particular country; dictionaries of cultural concepts, which are often not dictionaries in the traditional sense of the word, but collections of detailed philosophical and cultural articles; dictionaries of cultural literacy, containing information on culture, knowledge of which is necessary for successful communication; linguistic and cultural dictionaries, which popularize cultural information for a general audience and are especially useful for educational purposes.

  1. Ansimova O. K. The concept of linguocultural literacy : relevance and prospects. Filology and Literary Criticism. 2014, no. 7. Avaliable at: http://philology. (accessed 20 February 2021) (in Russian).
  2. Brileva I. S., Vol’skaia N. P., Gudkov D. B., Zakharenko I. V., Krasnykh V. V. Russkoe kul’turnoe prostranstvo : Lingvokul’turologicheskii slovar’. Vyp. pervyi [Russian Cultural Space : Linguocultural Dictionary. First issue]. Moscow, Gnozis Publ., 2004. 318 p. (in Russian).
  3. Devkin V. D. Ocherki po leksikografii [Essays on lexicography]. Moscow, Prometei Publ., 2000. 395 p. (in Russian).
  4. Gak V. G. O tipologii slovarei [About the typology of dictionaries]. In: Sovremennoe sostoianie i tendentsii razvitiia otechestvennoi leksikografii : tez. dokl. Vseros. konf. 18–20 okt. 1988 g. [Current state and development trends of domestic lexicography : abstracts of All-Russain conference. October 18–20, 1988]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 34–48 (in Russian).
  5. Galliamova N. Sh. On the question of the typology of dictionaries of linguistic and cultural orientation. In: Russkii iazyk i literatura v prostranstve mirovoi kul’tury : Materialy XIII Kongressa MAPRIaL : v 15 t. [Russian Language and Literature in the Space of World Culture : Processings of the XIII Congress MAPRIaL : in 15 vols.]. Saint Petersburg, MAPRIaL Publ., 2015, vol. 7, pp. 81–86 (in Russian).
  6. Golikova T. A. Modern linguoculturological dictionaries : typology, linguodidactic potential, the effectiveness of intercultural communication. In: Osennie kommunikativnye chteniia : sbornik materialov Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. s mezhdunar. uchastiem [Autumn communicative readings : coll. of materials of the All-Russian sci. and pract. conf. with intern. participation]. Moscow, Russian New University, 2020, pp. 45–69 (in Russian).
  7. Kiselevskii A. I. Iazyki i metaiazyki entsiklopedii i tolkovykh slovarei [Languages and metalanguages of encyclopedias and dictionaries]. Minsk, Nauka і tekhnіka Publ., 1977. 176 p. (in Russian).
  8. Kontseptosfera russkogo iazyka : kliuchevye kontsepty i ikh reprezentatsii (na materiale leksiki, frazeologii i paremiologii) : prospekt slovaria, pod obshch. red. prof. L. G. Babenko [Babenko L. G., ed. The conceptual sphere of the Russian language : key concepts and their representations (based on vocabulary, phraseology and paremiology) : dictionary prospectus]. Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo Ural. un-ta, 2010. 340 p. (in Russian).
  9. Kozyrev V. A., Cherniak V. D. Vselennaia v alfavitnom poriadke : Ocherki o slovariakh russkogo iazyka [Universe in Alphabetical Order : Essays on Russian Dictionaries]. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo RGPU im. A. I. Gertsena, 2000. 356 p. (in Russian).
  10. Morkovkin V. V. Antropotsentricheskii versus i lingvotsentricheskii podkhod k leksikografirovaniiu [Anthropocentric versus and the linguocentric approach to lexicography]. In: Natsional’naia spetsifika iazyka i ee otrazhenie v normativnom slovare [National specific language and its reflection in the normative dictionary]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988. pp. 129–140 (in Russian).
  11. Rossiia. Bol’shoi lingvostranovedcheskii slovar’. Pod obshch. red. Iu. E. Prokhorova [Prokhorova Iu. E., ed. Russia. Comprehensive linguistic and cultural dictionary]. Moscow, AST-PRESS KNIGA Publ., 2007. 736 p. (in Russian).
  12. Vereshchagin E. M., Kostomarov V. G. Lingvostranovedcheskaia teoriia slova [Linguistic theory of the word]. Moscow, Russkii yazyk Publ., 1980. 320 p. (in Russian).