International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


For citation:

Dementyev V. V. Axiological genristics: aspects of a problem «evaluation and genre». Speech Genres, 2016, no. 2(14), pp. 9-24. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2016-2-14-9-24

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
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Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
811.161.1’38
EDN: 
XUVJDN

Axiological genristics: aspects of a problem «evaluation and genre»

Autors: 
Dementyev Vadim Viktorovich, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The article is devoted to one of the most important and obvious aspects of speech genres – relation of speech genres and evaluation. This issue is im-portant not only for the theory of speech genres, but also for linguistics in general, although it is far from being solved. We discuss the key concept of this problem – “form of evaluation” – a kind of genre norms that determine, on the one hand, the pragmatic, stylistic, linguistic modeling of evaluative actions, on the other – the differences between adjacent evaluative genres. Speech genre evaluations of different types determine different types of speech genres, thus – the possibility of new speech genre classifications. We discuss the classification in which evaluation is “superimposed” on other fundamental principles of classifications: M. Bakhtin’s division of types of speech genres (primary and secondary speech genres, types of speech genres varying in rigidity). “Speech genre schedule” by T. V. Shmeleva. classification of phatic speech genres. Evaluation is shown in different near speech genre phenomena (evaluative acting, evaluative utterance, a variant of evaluative speech genre, communicative tonality, communicative / linguocultural character type). Speech genre evaluation is discussed in connection with the general intra-culture values.

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Received: 
31.08.2016
Accepted: 
25.10.2016
Published: 
19.12.2016