International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)

For citation:

Zadorina M. V. Structural and pragmatic aspects of the speech genre “treating to a meal”. Speech Genres, 2021, no. 3(31), pp. 190-197. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2021-3-31-190-197

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 443)
Article type: 

Structural and pragmatic aspects of the speech genre “treating to a meal”

Zadorina Maria Viktorovna, Siberian Federal University

The article deals with the colloquial speech genre of “home” communication “treating to a meal”. The relevance of this research is determined by the general interest of modern linguistics to colloquial speech and genre studies.
The research is based on the analysis of spoken discourse fragments recorded in natural conditions (most of the fragments were collected by the method of participant observation). The author makes the following conclusions about the genre “treating to a meal”: the genre is used during the meals while receiving guests (the addressor is a host, the addressee – a guest, or guests) and during the meal of people living together (the addresser is often the one who does the cooking, the addressee – other household members); the genre has some gender peculiarities; “treating to a meal” is partially an etiquette genre, since its super-goal is to maintain contact and it is prompted by the role of the host or hostess in the house and by the situation of “eating together”.
The author also focuses on the use of syntactic constructions. The basis of the sentences used in this genre are event propositions of physical action in the form of a structural scheme N4Vf.

  1. Baiburin A. K., Toporkov A. L. U istokov jetiketa : jetnograficheskie ocherki [At the origins of etiquette : ethnographic essays]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ. Lenigradskoe otdelenie, 1990. 166 p. (in Russian).
  2. Balakaj A. G. Slovar’ russkogo rechevogo jetiketa [Dictionary of Russian speech etiquette]. Moscow, ASTPress Publ., 2001. 627 p. (in Russian).
  3. Bol’shoj tolkovyj slovar’ russkihglagolov : Ideograficheskoe opisanie. Sinonimy. Antonimy. Anglijskie jekvivalenty, pod red. L. G. Babenko [L. G. Babenko, ed. Large explanatory dictionary of Russian verbs : Ideographic description. Synonyms. Antonyms. English equivalents]. Moscow, AST-Press kniga Publ., 2007. 576 p. (in Russian).
  4. Chernousova I. P. “And fed him but astushiCharney, Yes watered Pitirim Yes medianyk” (concept treats the epic picture of the world). Linguistic Study of Folklore, 2017, no. 26, pp. 17–24 (in Russian).
  5. Chugaeva S. V. Meal in the funeral rites of the Komi-Permyaks. Bulletin of the Chuvash University, 2009, no. 5 (61), pp. 98–102 (in Russian).
  6. Efremova T. F. Novyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka. Tolkovo-slovoobrazovatel’nyj [New dictionary of the Russian language. Explanatory-word-forming], vol. 2 : P–Ya. Moscow, Russky yazyk Publ., 2000. 1088 p. (in Russian).
  7. Fais O. D. Memorial meals in Italy. Ethnographic review, 2011, no. 1, pp. 27–37 (in Russian).
  8. Formanovskaja N. I. Speech etiquette. In: Jeffektivnoe rechevoe obshhenie (bazovye kompetencii) : slovar’-spravochnik, pod red. A. P. Skovorodnikova [A. P. Skovorodnikova, ed. Effective speech communication (core competencies) : The dictionary-directory]. Krasnoyarsk, Sibirskii federalnyi universitet Publ., 2014, pp. 545–547 (in Russian).
  9. Gaponova Zh. K. Naimenovaniy augoshchenij plotnikov v mologskih govorah [Names of carpenters ’ treats in mologian dialects]. In: Russkoe slovo : literaturnyj yazyki narodnye govory [Russian word : literary language and folk dialects]. Yaroslavl’, Izd-vo Yaroslavskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. K. D. Ushinskogo, 2008, pp. 102–107 (in Russian).
  10. Kazakova O. A. The hipergener structure of the discourse of the older generation dialect speaker are defined. Bulletin of the Tomsk State University. Philology, 2009, no. 3 (7), pp. 18–31 (in Russian).
  11. Kitajgorodskaya M. V., Rozanova N. N. Modern urban communication : types of communicative situations and their genre implementation (on the example of Moscow). In: Sovremennyj russkij yazyk. Social’naya i funkcional’naya differenciaciya [Modern Russian language. Social and functional differentiation]. Moscow, Yazyki slavyanskih kul’tur Publ., 2003, pp. 103–126 (in Russian).
  12. Kitaygorodskaya M. V., Rozanova N. N. Rech’ moskvichej : Kommunikativno-kul’turologicheskij aspekt [Speech of Muscovites : Communicative and cultural aspect]. Moscow, Russkiye slovari Publ., 1999. 396 p. (in Russian).
  13. Lopatin V. V., Lopatina L. E. Russkij tolkovyj slovar’ [Russian explanatory dictionary]. 5th ed., stereotype. Moscow, Russky yazyk Publ., 1998. 832 p. (in Russian).
  14. Nedostupova L. V. Wedding In the village of Kutki in the Voronezh region. Russian Speech, 2017, no. 4, pp. 115– 118 (in Russian).
  15. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar’ russkogo jazyka : ok. 60 000 slov i frazeologijaeskih vyrazhenij [Dictionary of the Russian language : About 60,000 words and phraseological expressions]. 25th ed. Moscow, ONYX, Mir i obrazovanie Publ., 2008. 976 p. (in Russian).
  16. Popova E. V. Social and ritual aspects of meals in the traditions of mutual assistance. Yearbook of Fino-Ugric studies, 2014, no. 2, pp. 97–105 (in Russian).
  17. Popova E. V. Symbolism and ritual functions of food and meals in the Yule rites of the besermyans. Yearbook of Fino-Ugric studies, 2013, no. 1, pp. 78–92 (in Russian).
  18. Shapovalov S. N. Holidays in the Crimean factors of the Genoese Republic in the XV century. Society : philosophy, history, culture, 2014, no. 4, pp. 34–37 (in Russian).
  19. Shmeleva T. V. Model of speech genre. Zhanry rechi : sb. nauch. st. [Speech Genres : coll. of sci. arts]. Saratov, GosUNTs “Kolledzh”, 1997, iss. 1, pp. 88–98 (in Russian).
  20. Shmelyova T. V. Semanticheskij sintaksis [Semantic syntax]. Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarskii gosudarstvennyi universitet, 1994. 43 p. (in Russian).
  21. Slovar’ russkogo jazyka, pod red. A. P. Evgeniou, G. A. Razumnikova [A. P. Evgeniou, G. A. Razumnikova, eds. Dictionary of the Russian language : in 4 vols. Vol. 4]. Moscow, Russky yazyk Publ., 1988. 800 p. (in Russian).
  22. Slovar’ sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo jazyka, pod red. N. Z. Kotelova, N. M. Medelets [N. Z. Kotelova, N. M. Medelets, eds. Dictionary of modern Russian literary language. Vol. 16 : U–F]. Moscow, Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1964. 1610 p. (in Russian).
  23. Tolkacheva S. V. Ritual treats in Russian wedding rites of Udmurtia. Scientific dialogue, 2018, no. 6, pp. 91– 102 (in Russian).
  24. Tolkovyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka : ok. 30 000 slov, pod red. D. N. Ushakova [D. N. Ushakova, ed. Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language : about 30 000 words]. Moscow, Astrel Publ., 2008. 1054 p. (in Russian).
  25. Zaharova T. V. [Semantics of food in Russian and French paremias about hospitality. Journal of the South Ural state University, ser. Linguistics, 2010, no. 1 (177), pp. 75– 78 (in Russian).