International journal

Speech Genres

ISSN 2311-0759 (Online)
ISSN 2311-0740 (Print)


For citation:

Kryuchkov V. P., Yakunina O. V. Possibilities and limitations of the psychological method in the analysis of a literary work (based on the analysis of L. S. Vygotsky’s psychological essay on “Light Breathing” by I. A. Bunin). Speech Genres, 2022, no. 4(17), pp. 293-301. DOI: 10.18500/2311-0740-2022-17-4-36-293-301

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 97)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
821.161.1.09-32:81’23+929[Выготский+Бунин]
EDN: 
EOBRQK

Possibilities and limitations of the psychological method in the analysis of a literary work (based on the analysis of L. S. Vygotsky’s psychological essay on “Light Breathing” by I. A. Bunin)

Autors: 
Kryuchkov Vladimir P., Saratov State University
Yakunina Olga V., Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The article includes an analytical review of different conceptual approaches and interpretations of I. A. Bunin’s novelette “Light breathing”, which have emerged during the decades after the publication of L. S. Vygotsky’s article on Bunin’s “Light breathing”. The most problematic and discussible questions are the following: the interconnection and interdependence of the form and content in the novelette; the contradictory image of the young high-school girl Olya Meshcherskaya; the culmination motive of the main character’s “failure”; the conflict; the symbolic meaning of the light breathing dominant motive and the novelette’s final. The authors of this article explain that the genre definition of L. S. Vygotsky’s article is a psychological essay, containing prevalently individual subjective and imaginative impressions and comments of the author on some elements of form and content of the literary work expounded in the emotional style. The authors also analyze Vygotsky’s version of the form and content conflict in Bunin’s novelette, note the vague differentiation of “earthly” basis of the novelette and the chain of the events in the novelette in their “natural” consequence, that leads, according to L. S. Vygotsky, to Olya Meshcherskaya’s drawing into the “earthbound haze”. Based on the speech analysis of Bunin’s novelette, the characteristics of the novelette’s main characters are redefined. Considering the writer’s intention, the authors correct Vygotsky’s perception of the light breathing dominant motive. The genre of L. S. Vygotsky’s article on Bunin’s “Light breathing” is defined as a formalistic psychological and physiological essay aiming at revealing the mechanism of literary creation impact on the reader. It is noted that the critic and psychologist presented the formal, physiological nature of this impact in a classical manner, by realizing the potential of a psychological essay genre, that is by emphasizing only one element of the literary creation and basing on it the general conclusion about ideological and artistic content of the novelette. However, it is necessary to remember that the literary creation as a whole exerts an influence on its reader by the other elements of its form, which are rhythm, tone, vocabulary, intonation, speech organization, physical, moral, esthetic points of view of the author-narrator in the novelette.

Reference: 
  1. Anisimov K. V. Easter motives in I. Bunin’s novelette “Light breathing”. Tomsk State University Journal of Philology, 2016, no. 6, pp. 83–94 (in Russian).
  2. Bunin I. A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij: v 13 t. T. 4. Vody mnogie (1914–1926) ; Grammatika lyubvi (1914–1926) [Collected works: in 13 vols. Vol. 4. Many waters (1914–1926). Love grammar (1914–1926)]. Moscow, Voskresenie Publ., 2006. 536 p. (in Russian).
  3. Dementyev V. V. Axiological genristics: Aspects of a problem “evaluation and genre”. Speech Genres, 2016, no. 2 (14), pp. 9–24 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/2311-0740-2016-2-14-9-24
  4. Karpenko G. Ju. Tvorchestvo I. A. Bunina i religiozno-filosofskaja kul’tura rubezha vekov [I. A. Bunin’s oeuvre and religious and philosophic culture of the turn of the century]. Samara, Izd-vo Samar. gumanitar. akad., 1998. 113 p. (in Russian).
  5. Krasotkin D. M. Reading strategies: “Legkoe dyhanie” (“The light breath”) by I. Bunin from the point of view of semiotics. Ural’skij filologicheskij vestnik. Serija: Draft: molodaja nauka, 2019, no. 4. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strategii-chteniya-legkoe-dyhaniei-bun... (accessed 24 August 2021).
  6. Kucherovskij N. M. I. Bunin i ego proza (1887– 1917) [I. Bunin and his prose (1887–1917)]. Tula, Priok. kn. izd-vo, 1980. 319 p. (in Russian).
  7. Kuznecova G. N. Grasskij diary. Bunin I. A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij: v 13 t. T. 12 [Collected works: in 13 vols. Vol. 12]. Moscow, Voskresen’e Publ., 2006, pp. 361–464 (in Russian).
  8. Literaturnyi entsiklopedicheskii slovar’. Pod obshch. red. V. M. Kozhevnikova, P. A. Nikolaeva [Kozhevnikova V. M., Nikolaeva P. A., eds. Literary encyclopedic dictionary]. Moscow, Soviet Encyclopedia Publ., 1987. 752 p. (in Russian).
  9. Roshhina O. S. About the interpretation of I. A. Bunin’s “Light breathing”. Siberian Journal of Philology, 2011, no. 1, pp. 53–59 (in Russian).
  10. Slivickaja O. V. “Povyshennoe chuvstvo zhizni”: mir Ivana Bunina [“A stronger feeling of life”: Ivan Bunin’s world]. Moscow, Rossijsk. gos. gumanit. un-t, 2004. 270 p. (in Russian).
  11. Slivickaja O. V. Plot – composition – detail in Bunin’s novelette. In: Buninskij sbornik: materialy nauch. konf., posvyashch. 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya I. A. Bunina. Otv. red. A. I. Gavrilov [Gavrilov A. I., ed. Bunin collection: materials of sci. conf., dedicated to 100th anniversary the birth if I. A. Bunin]. Orel, Orel Padagogical Institute, 1974, pp. 90–103 (in Russian).
  12. Vajman S. The tragedy of “Light breathing”. Literaturnaja ucheba, 1980, no. 5, pp. 137–146 (in Russian).
  13. Vasil’eva A. N. Vygotskij against Vygotskij (about the interpretation of I. Bunin’s novelette “Light breathing”). In: Specifika i jevoljucija funkcional’nyh stilej: mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. [Specificity and evolution of functional styles: inter. univ. coll. sci. works]. Perm’, Izd-vo PGU, 1981, pp. 99–110 (in Russian).
  14. Vygotskii L. S. Historical sense of a psychological crisis. Sobranie sochineni: v 6 t. T. 1. Voprosy teorii i istorii psihologii [Collected works: in 6 vols. Vol. 1. Questions of the theory and history of psychology]. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1982, pp. 291–435 (in Russian)
  15. Vygotskij L. S. Psihologija iskusstva. Obch. red. V. V. Ivanova [Ivaniv V. V., ed. Art Psychology]. 3rd ed. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1986. 573 p. (in Russian).
  16. Zenkin S. N. The portraits that exchange glances (Bunin’s “Light breathing”). Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie, 2017, no. 4 (146). Available at: https://www.nlobooks.ru/magazines/novoe_literaturnoe_obozrenie/146_nlo_4... (accessed 20 September 2021).
  17. Zholkovskij A. K. “Light breathing” of Bunin and Vygotslij 70 years after. In: Bluzhdajushhie sny i drugie raboty [Wandering dreams and other works]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., Izdatel’skaja firma “Vostochnaja literature” Publ., 1994, pp. 103–120 (in Russian).
Received: 
19.10.2021
Accepted: 
14.01.2022
Published: 
30.11.2022