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Poetic reflection in a comic miniature

The article deals with comic short poems of various types. It is found that these miniatures in their genre borders selectively express varieties of comical attitude to reality: authorial texts comprise the all comic types (humour, irony, satire) whereas folklore texts express humour and mockery. Main means of comical effect in poetic miniatures are described including style incongruences between the beginning and end of a poem, language play with sound form coincidences, nonce words and allusions. Two types of humour are discussed, nonsense and absurdity, the former being a comical representation of something impossible, the latter being an illogical combination of comic situation participants different positions. Nonsense is typical of English speaking cultures and absurdity is habitual with a Russian attitude to life.

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