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About genre text categories

The article proves the introduction of genre category concept into the speech genres analysis which helps to describe the linguistic definiteness of the genres. Genre categories are distinguished not on grammatical, but on an extralinguistic, intentional basis. Three types of categories – dialogism, illocution, and referentiality are offered for description of speech genres. Each category has its field the of different language units, composition methods, and nonverbal means. Owing to variability of dialogism, illocution, and referentiality semantics in speech genres, the fields of these categories are heterogeneous and divided into microfields. Interaction of means of dialogism, illocution and referentiality fields reveals substantial and semantic structure of a speech genre.


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